In this generation, using computers is a essential for the number of people but not many of us actually consider the medical repercussion that working with computers can cause. Damaged eyesight, bad posture, arthritis in fingers and computer stress injuries that can be caused by sitting in one position for a prolonged period of time. The above problems are more frequently associated with old age but due to many factors such as poor constituent design, propinquity of the user to the screen and an excess of continuous working hours mean that the above problems can feature in both young and old computer users. This is an extremely important issue as computers become more important in every corner of employment the medical effects caused by them will elevate unless sufficient research is performed and time is dedicated into eliminating and reducing these problems as much as possible.
Here are some common possible health issues that workers may face while working and it’s prevention:
♦ Eyestrain and other eye problems – Eyestrain occurs when your eyes get tired from intense use, such as driving a car for extended periods, reading or working at a computer. Using a computer for long periods is one of the most common causes of eyestrain. This type of eyestrain is called computer vision syndrome. In some cases, an underlying eye problem such as eye muscle imbalance or uncorrected vision can cause or worsen computer eyestrain.
Tips: Adjust the display settings of your computer. It can help reduce eye strain and fatigue. You may also blink more often. Blinking is very important when working at a computer; blinking moistens your eyes to prevent dryness and irritation.
♦ Obesity – Obesity and being Over-weight seem similar but they are different problems, one being from genetic causes and other for lack of physical activity.
tips: Limit eating unhealthy foods (refined grains and sweets, potatoes, red meat, processed meat) and beverages (sugary drinks). Increase physical activity, limit television time, screen time, and other “sit time”, and improve hours of sleeping.
♦ Headache – Headache is a pain that can be found anywhere in the region of the head or neck. Headaches can result from a wide range of causes both gentle and more serious. Brain tissue itself is not sensitive to pain as it lacks pain receptors. Rather, the pain is caused by disturbance of the pain-sensitive structures around the brain.
tips: You may ask someone to rub your neck and back, or treat yourself to a massage. Apply gentle, steady rotating pressure to the painful area of your head with your index finger and/or thumb. Maintain pressure for seven to 15 seconds, then release. Repeat as needed.
♦ Musculoskeletal problems – Musculoskeletal pain affects the bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves. It can be acute (having a rapid onset with severe symptoms) or chronic (long-lasting). Musculoskeletal pain can be localized in one area, or widespread. Lower back pain is the most common type of musculoskeletal pain.
tips: • Therapeutic massage • Strengthening and conditioning exercise • Injections with anesthetic or anti-inflammatory medications in or around the painful sites • Osteopathic manipulation (a whole system of evaluation and treatment designed to achieve and maintain health by restoring normal function to the body)
♦ Computer vision syndrome – In many cases, frequent computer users suffer from computer vision syndrome, which is a degenerative eye problem which can result in severely reduced eyesight , blurred vision, overall eye tiredness and even Glaucoma. Computer Eye Syndrome is an umbrella term for many problems but the causes of these problems can be easily identified.
tips: • Reduce monitor glare. Move things around or adjust the lighting in your home or work station to avoid glare on the monitor.
• Stay a good distance away from the monitor – At work, it’s generally a good idea to be about 20 to 28 inches away from your monitor. This optimal distance helps avoid fatigue and discomfort.